Extreme heat swept through Brittany in July 2022. These heat waves will repeat. They disturb humans but also animals. Here are some solutions implemented to ensure animal welfare.
The extreme heat experienced by Brittany and Europe after global warming requires adaptations.
Just like humans, animals must be protected.
Cats, dogs, chickens, cows, but also rhinos or giraffes, here are the solutions put in place by professionals to improve animal welfare during heat waves.
Find our infographic for animal welfare in the event of a heat spike on our instagram page.
“No, it’s not good to cut your pet in the summer”. Laura Daydie, project manager at the 30 million friends foundation, gives her valuable advice to our colleagues at Brut Nature.
in the dog “It’s the hair underneath that regulates your temperature”, she explains. “To cool your dog, you can use a damp cloth or a washcloth that you put on the head and paws.”
Laura Daydie encourages her to furnish her home well for the well-being of her pets. For example, rooms with tiled floors can be left open for pets. The tile allows dogs and cats to cool off better.
“Cats suffer less than dogs” guarantees the veterinarian Marie-Pierre François to our colleagues at France 3 Grand-Est. “Senior animals are very sensitive to heat and right now I see a lot of senior cats dehydrated”.
This specialist advises you to remove the skin from your cat’s back between your fingers; if she is not recovering well, it is a sign of severe dehydration. In this case, it is necessary to consult quickly and in this case rehydrate with an infusion.
Another important advice in case of hot weather: keep an eye on your cat’s pillows. If the skin is cracked, they should be wetted gently without putting the cat in the shower.
Place the coop in the shade during hot hours, between 11 am and 4 pm to protect the hens from the sun.
It is advisable to cover the roof of the chicken coop with layers of cardboard. Cardboard is a good insulator. Don’t over-moisten the chicken coop to prevent the growth of bacteria, but give enough water. In hot weather, a hen can drink up to a liter of water a day. And it is better to multiply the drinkers, so that the dominant hen does not prevent certain hens from having access to the water point.
If the temperature exceeds 25°, the lack of water can be fatal for the chickens.
If the chicken is suffocating, in case of extreme heat, it is advisable to wet the legs in a basin. Then see a veterinarian if your condition does not improve.
Our colleagues from Ouest-France deliver a complete file on chicken welfare.
Faced with the heat, pigs suffer because they don’t sweat. Their body temperature rises enormously and they breathe poorly.
In his Côtes d’Armor pigsty, Didier Lucas uses the D system. This professional installed a homemade mister to cool his animals. Other breeders water the aisles and water the animals sparingly to avoid thermal shock.
Cows are under a lot of stress in case of high heat. Breeders, including Franck Moreau, interviewed by France 3 Nouvelle-Aquitaine, advise installing a fogger in the barn. The droplets spread over the cow’s back and help to lower her body temperature.
It is advisable to ventilate buildings evenly so that cows do not congregate in one area of the site.
A dairy cow can drink up to 250 liters of water a day during a heat wave. It is important that this water is fresh.
The measures taken may make people smile, but they work very well to relieve zoo animals.
Monkeys and giraffes are exceptionally entitled to ice cream sticks, explains Clémence Abraham, a caretaker at the Branféré zoo. For the rhinos, ice blocks are placed in the water points to cool the bathing place, adds fellow trainer Guilhem Bernard.
The zoo’s oldest animals are closely watched by keepers. Like humans, they think less about drinking and become dehydrated more quickly than young people.