CHANGE MARKETS Report, Companies Profiting from Plundering Antarctica » PACA Economic and Political Charter

An investigation alerts you to the need for immediate action.

A new investigation report (1) from the Changing Markets Foundation shows that large retailers regularly sell food supplements and farmed fish produced from Antarctic krill, a small crustacean essential for the health of the planet, which in particular helps to slow climate change by removing the equivalent of the emissions of 35 million cars a year (two).

The report entitled “?Krill, Baby, Krill: Corporations Profiting from Plundering Antarctica? ” (“?Krill, baby, krill: companies profiting from the looting of Antarctica?”) reveals the names of the top companies benefiting from this industry, examines their sustainability claims, and presents for the first time a complete picture of their key supply chains.

“?The heat waves and droughts we have experienced this summer are a powerful reminder of the impending climate crisis. Krill aren’t just amazing animals because of their role in Antarctica?; he contributes andalso at the combat climate change. By continuing to sell krill-raised salmon and expensive krill oil supplements, large supermarkets are complicit in depleting the main food source for whales, seals and penguins, as these animals are already under extreme pressure from global warming.?”, Explain Sophie Nodzenski, senior activist at the Changing Markets Foundation.

The report shows that krill oil supplements are sold by 68% of the top 50 global retailers. These products were sold by 88% of 17 North American retailers, 75% of 8 Asian retailers and nearly half of the 21 European retailers surveyed.

In addition, krill-raised salmon products are commonly sold by 16 major supermarket chains in four European countries: Auchan, Carrefour, Intermarché and Leclerc (France)?; Carrefour, Dia, Lidl and Mercadona (Spain)?; Aldi Nord, Edeka, Kaufland and Lidl (Germany)?; and Asda, Marks & Spencer, Sainsbury’s and Tesco (UK). Links have been established between these retailers and krill-based animal feed (from the Norwegian company Aker BioMarine) through their salmon supply chains. None had adopted policies that excluded the use of krill in the diet from the salmon used for their private label products.

Scientists warn us that the Antarctic ecosystem is already becoming unstable due to the rapid acceleration of global warming. In its latest report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) questioned the sustainability of krill farming and the viability of supply chains and advised producers to turn to alternative solutions. (3). The health of this vulnerable ecosystem depends on krill, which provides food for a multitude of species. However, many krill fishing grounds overlap the main feeding grounds for these species, leading scientists to recommend stopping krill fishing in key areas to offset the negative effects of climate change on penguin populations. (4).

The research highlights that the krill fishing industry is concentrated in the hands of a small number of companies, including the Norwegian company Aker Biomarine, which accounts for about two-thirds of the total catch. The report reveals a number of industry tactics to camouflage its harmful impacts, such as using a well-known technique of greenwashing, tricking consumers into believing their product is sustainable. The industry also goes so far as to claim that the current catch limit is conservative, as it represents “only 1% of krill biomass”, but does not reflect its impact on Antarctica’s vulnerable ecosystem. , particularly in the context of accelerating climate change. This illusion of sustainability is reinforced by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), which certifies krill products as sustainable, despite constant objections from NGOs and scientists.

Industry players had to legitimize the existence of krill products through research and studies carried out to promote their benefits and thus justify their high price. However, to date, most of these studies – often initiated by the industry itself – have given mixed results. However, the industry is not giving up, it is still desperately trying to create new products and markets, such as pet food, to support its unprofitable businesses.

Due to the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) repeated failures to properly regulate the krill fishing industry through strengthening environmental protection measures and creating marine protected areas, the Markets in Change Foundation is calling for an immediate moratorium on krill fishing in Antarctica. It also calls on retailers, feed producers and fish farms to phase out the capture of wild fish, including krill, in the service of aquaculture. She recommends that consumers stop using krill oil supplements and ask supermarkets to phase out the use of krill in farmed seafood.

In the midst of a climate and biodiversity crisis, it is foolish to allow this inherently destructive industry to profit from the looting of Antarctica, let alone certify it as sustainable. It’s time to speak out against this industry and ask suppliers and retailers to stop selling krill products.” , said Claire Nouvian, founder of the BLOOM Association.

The release of this report coincides with the first World Krill Day, a day to celebrate this important species and raise awareness of the key role it plays in the Antarctic ecosystem.

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